Modafinil is a nootropic eugeroic (wakefulness-promoting) agent that is commonly used to reduce excessive sleepiness. It is a racemic compound and is administered orally to improve alertness and energy levels especially for individuals who get less sleep. The drug was initially used for people with narcolepsy, a condition that is characterized by excessive daytime sleep. The drug has also aided the working of shift workers. Night shift workers, for instance, have to take the drug to keep them awake over the working hours. Modafinil is also used to improve other sleeping disorders such as breathing challenges during sleep. This condition is normally referred to as obstructive sleep apnea. This medication does not cure sleeping disorders, but only induces wakefulness and might not fully eradicate the sleepiness.

Modafinil for improved focus and mental power

Improved focus and mental concentration can be vastly achieved through the use of modafinil. The drug is normally acknowledged for its ability to instigate vigilance and activity of the brain. Though it is unclear how the drug enables your brain to gain unwavering focus, testimonies and medical observations are there to support it. Take for example, in the United States, the use of modafinil was legally administered since 1998 as a medication for sleep-related complications and has recorded an improved mental power for individuals who used it.

Several studies have been done to ascertain the purported cognitive benefits of the use of modafinil. To prove this, researchers at Oxford university decided to carry out a mega-analysis on 24 studies that were done between 1990 and 2014. They discovered from a conclusive point of view that the number of benefits found by the researchers was dependent upon the method of evaluation used. Generally, compared to those who used placebo, the modafinil group showed a greater level of cognitive functions including learning and attention.

Conversely, though many doctors may readily prescribe modafinil as a brain booster, it is important to keep in mind the uncertainties associated with its use. A 2008 survey journal “Nature” realized that most of the studies that were done in a controlled environment considered only a single dose or short-term dose. This is, nevertheless, different from what is practically happening. No research has been done to check on the long-term effects of the drug resulting from its prolonged use. It is also unclear whether the drug may cease to function well after a considerable time of use.

Modafinil and fatigue

For some time now, modafinil has been used as an off-label treatment for fatigue. Little research has been done to ascertain whether modafinil is a good alternative treatment for the symptoms of fatigue. Several small studies that were done had contradicting results. This makes it hard to conclude whether the drug really possesses the ability to send off fatigue or not. In 2010, for example, the European Medicines Agency gave recommendations against the use of modafinil for other purposes other than the initial use for treatment of narcolepsy. Hence many doctors do not prescribe it for the treatment of fatigue. Nonetheless, there are people who still use it and report positive results.

How to use modafinil

Depending on your intended purpose, there are several regulations and directions of use of modafinil. Normally, there are medication guidelines provided by the pharmacist. You should make sure to go through them before taking the medication. This is essentially good for you to familiarize yourself with the drug and any other relevant information.

If you are using the drug to reduce the symptoms of narcolepsy, take the drug orally either with food or without. It is recommended for use once in the morning every day but subject to the directions given by the doctor. In some cases, the dose can be split into two- the morning and noon doses but with a prescription from a doctor.

Using the drug for obstructive sleep apnea is also taken with or without food as recommended by a doctor preferably daily once in the morning. You can continue with the other medications unless directed otherwise by a doctor.

Finally, remember to take the medication regularly to achieve greater benefits. Modafinil is often linked to some symptoms of addictions which might be quite irritating. If you have abused alcohol or other drugs before, symptoms of addiction may escalate.

Though the dosage is mostly defined by the goal of usage, some studies do recommend up to about 400 mg for adults while children go as little as 170 mg. The optimum standard dose supplied by companies lie between 100 mg and 200 mg.

Side effects

Most of the nootropic drugs do have side effects, though not too adverse. The side effects of modafinil are often appetite-related complications. Its use is believed to alter the hormones that control appetite in the human body. An individual will, therefore, experience serious cases of low appetite. This will obviously translate to weight loss.

Some other side effects of modafinil include headaches, dizziness, irritability and many other mild effects. If you experience extreme cases of these effects, it is recommended that you visit a doctor.

It may also lead to insomnia due to its mode of functioning. Since the drug inhibits the hormones that stimulate sleep for short times, at times, the situation may worsen. There are, however, minimum cases when they are used for the purpose of fighting narcolepsy.

Extreme cases of allergic reactions are quite uncommon but if you observe any signs of incompatibility, report it to the doctor who prescribed it to you. The signs of allergy include swollen lymph nodes, fever, rashes, itching or swelling in the throat, breathing difficulties and severe dizziness.

Where to buy modafinil

Modafinil is quite a popular drug in the whole world. Most of the countries, however, do regulate the sale and purchase of modafinil. In the United States, for example, it is only until you are prescribed that you can be allowed to buy this drug. An over-the-counter purchase is often restricted. Countries like India and Columbia do allow over the counter sale of the drug. There are several online retail shops that do sell modafinil and if you come outside these countries, you can order them and it will be shipped to you.